I was attempting to view the certificate for my FreeIPA server:
$ certutil -L -n 'IPA CA' -d /etc/dirsrv/slapd-FREEIPA-OSRIC-NET/
certutil: function failed: SEC_ERROR_LEGACY_DATABASE: The certificate/key database is in an old, unsupported format.
That had me worried. Was my cert/key database corrupt? Turns out, I just didn’t have permission to read the files. It worked when I tried it with
$ sudo certutil -L -n 'IPA CA' -d /etc/dirsrv/slapd-FREEIPA-OSRIC-NET/
That produced the expected output.
The old, unsupported format error is produced in a variety of cases and is often not helpful or informative. Permissions are just one reason why you might run into this message. Other reasons I’ve found include specifying a directory that does not contain the expected cert database files (i.e.
secmod.db), or specifying a directory that does not exist.